Scotch Game

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1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4

White’s third move, 3.d4, sets up the Scotch Game. White is attempting to control the center with his king pawn by encouraging Black to exchanging their king pawn for White’s queen pawn. (Note there is no good way for Black to maintain their king pawn.)

Classical Variation

4…Bc5 Black’s best line…
White has three viable options at this point.